Role of the Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Discussion Questions

Description

In the most severe cases, the FDA has recently given approval for COVID-19

patients to be hooked up to an extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)

device. What is an ECMO and how does it work? What mechanisms of mass

transport are involved? If you were to design your own device, what are the critical

design parameters that you would need to consider?

Your answer should be between 1 page (12-point Arial font, single-spaced, 1-inch margins)

and include at least 2 primary references* in MLA format.

here are some sources I found:

https://journals.lww.com/cmj/Citation/9000/Extracorporeal_membrane_oxygenation_support_in.99366.aspx

https://www.covid19treatmentguidelines.nih.gov/critical-care/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation/

org/Resources/WhatisECMO.aspx”>https://www.elso.org/Resources/WhatisECMO.aspx

https://academic.oup.com/ejcts/article/37/2/339/774991

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2761778

* please focus ONLY in answering the questions specifically. 

* Mechanism of mass transport are more likely to be diffusion and convection. please give some details about them, here is a link for general information about them: 

https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Analytical_Chemistry/Supplemental_Modules_(Analytical_Chemistry)/Analytical_Sciences_Digital_Library/JASDL/Courseware/Analytical_Electrochemistry%3A_The_Basic_Concepts/03_Fundamentals_of_Electrochemistry/B%3A_The_Electrode_Process/03_Mass_Transport_Mechanisms 

* when creating your parameter, also, think about diffusion/ convection/ pressure, …. things like this 

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In more severe cases in which the patient has trouble breathing, mechanical

respirators are required to force air in and out of the lungs. Describe: a) how

ventilators increase the oxygen delivered to the blood in the context of pressure

driven flow and b) differences between normal breathing and ventilator breathing in

how the flow of air into the lungs is driven by pressure differences.

Your answer should be 3?4 pages  (12-point Arial font, single-spaced, 1-inch margins) and

include at least 2 primary references* in MLA format.

https://casereports.onlinejacc.org/content/early/2020/04/22/j.jaccas.2020.03.007

https://anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org/article.aspx?articleid=2763453

https://www.rch.org.au/rchcpg/hospital_clinical_guideline_index/Oxygen_delivery/